Elena Polonskaya (1902-1992) is an interesting lady: she are a well known astronomer which destroyed the woman www.datingranking.net/tr/wamba-inceleme occupations in the Communist routine, is accused regarding espionage due to this lady missionary products, added to jail for a few days, however, later on re also-instated because the college professor. And finally, she turned a great nun throughout the Russian-Orthodox Chapel and you may trained bible studies or other theological topics. She has an enthusiastic asteroid entitled immediately following this lady, however, she doesn’t but really features a beneficial Wikipedia post in English. Here is the woman bio.
Elena Ivanovna Polonskaya came into this world for the 21 November 1902 inside Selets, on Volyn state in the present Ukraine to help you moms and dads regarding Russian nobility. She read astronomy in the Professors away from Mathematics and you may Sheer Sciences on Lviv College. For the 1923, she took part in the first appointment of your Russian Christian Student Movement from inside the Czechia. Regarding 1926 to 1928 she is actually a working member of so it course and its chief to have Poland and you can Belarus. She acted due to the fact publisher of the spiritual political log “During the Borderline”. She took part in apologetic june programs into the Paris created by the Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov, the woman religious dad.
In fact, with the exception of a time within the Naples to 1596 and you may a trip in order to Spain inside 1597, Clavius were to are Professor of Math in the Collegio Romano for the remainder of their existence
When you look at the 1932, she became secretary during the Astronomical Observatory into the Warsaw. Within the 1934, she defended the lady Ph.D. thesis „Into the planetocentric action away from comets“ within the Warsaw. Inside the 1936, she partnered Leon Kazimierczak, an enthusiastic ichtyologist at Warsaw College or university, plus ed immediately following Sergei Bulgakov) came to be. During The second world war, she worked given that Elderly Scientist at Institution of Astronomy inside the Lviv and you may moved to Warsaw inside 1944. Within the Warsaw Uprising for the 1944, she became p close Vienna given that battle prisoner. During the 1945, she produced an incredibly ambitious and you may essential decision for her after life: Due to the fact an Orthodox, she made a decision to come back to Russia, no matter if totalitarian Soviet Connection at that time. She basic lived in Cherson (in the current Ukraine) in which her boy died away from meningitis inside the July 1948. She never ever noticed this lady husband once again, because he had been prohibited to go into the fresh new USSR.
Christopher Clavius, S.J. (twenty five February 1538 – 06 Feb 1612) are a great German Jesuit noted for his change of your diary, and you will an effective mathematician and you can talented instructor. The guy registered new has just depending Jesuit acquisition in the 1555 and you will is sent to Coimbra, Portugal, to pursue their knowledge. After this eclipse observation, he went to Italy afterwards inside the 1560 and you will read theology at the the fresh new Jesuit Collegio Romano in the Rome. He had been ordained inside 1564. He stayed on Collegio Romano was in fact he began exercises mathematics in regarding his ordination. He went on with his degree into the Theology and you can became a full member of the newest Jesuit Order during the 1575.
To the 21 August 1560, the guy seen a sunrays eclipse, an event which convinced him so you can devote his lifestyle in order to statistical and you will astronomical data
inside 1579, he had been decided on since the user of the Pope Gregory XIII into the commission in order to supervise the reform of schedule. The old Julian Schedule ended up being mainly based by the an edict regarding Julius Caesar inside forty-five BC. Once the program away from Julian decades and you can dive years failed to correspond just to your length of the latest astronomical year, dates out-of very important Religious feasts have out-of positioning that have the seasons. It payment followed the latest ideas for calendar change out of Aloysius Lillius, which includes changes, along with 1582 Pope Gregory XIII promulgated the schedule. Catholic countries rapidly accompanied the latest “Gregorian diary,” however, Protestant and you will Eastern Orthodox countries simply slower followed. Into the 1588, it turned into his part to explain and you can guard the brand new calendar reform, and he performed therefore in Novi calendarii romani apologia and you can next works to avoid arguments from Protestants, and off astronomers and you may mathematicians.
Galileo Galilei was used to Clavius’s guides, in which he went along to Clavius while in the his first trip to Rome in the 1587. Then it corresponded occasionally about statistical issues, and you may Clavius sent Galileo copies of his guides because they looked. Clavius try and you will remained an excellent defender of your geocentric system even though he had been amazed from the Galilei’s telescopic findings when he had written for the 1611, a year ahead of their death.
Their true and you can long-lasting determine is actually the new use regarding rigorous analytical curricula in the Jesuit universities, at a time in the event the significance of mathematics during the natural science (after that titled “sheer opinions”) is actually extensively underappreciated. The guy typed widely used textbooks and you will influenced generations to come out of astronomers and you will mathematicians.